列表 图标
  • The Global Climate in 2015–2019 编制时间:2019年9月22日(编制单位:World Meteorological Organization)

    Compared to the previous fie-year assessment period 2011–2015, the current fie-year period 2015–2019 has seen a continuedincrease in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissionsand an accelerated increase in the atmospheric concentration of major greenhousegases (GHGs), with growth rates nearly 20%higher. The increase in the oceanic CO2 concentration has increased the ocean’s acidity.

  • 全球大宗粮油作物生产与粮食安全形势 编制时间:2019年11月(编制单位:中华人民共和国科学技术部国家遥感中心,中国科学院空天信息创新研究院)

    告围绕与人类可持续发展密切相关的全球大宗粮油作物(包括小麦、水稻、玉米和大豆)生产形势,对2018年1月—2019年8月期间的全球农业气象条件、全球农业主产区粮油作物种植与胁迫状况进行综合监测和分析,监测了2018—2019年全球不同国家和地区的大宗粮油作物生产状况,分析预测了全球和非洲粮食安全形势。报告面向联合国可持续发展目标,对增强全球粮油信息透明度,保障全球粮油贸易稳定,应对全球粮食安全挑战具有重要参考价值,凸显中国作为负责任大国在保障全球粮食安全中的国际义务。

  • 全球重大自然灾害及影响 编制时间:2019年11月(编制单位:中华人民共和国科学技术部国家遥感中心,北京师范大学)

    报告选定全球范围内的干旱灾害、洪水灾害、热带气旋灾害、森林火灾和地震灾害典型事件,结合多源遥感、社会经济、基础地理等数据,开展了全球重大自然灾害遥感监测与影响评估,分析了全球重大自然灾害的时空分布特征、灾害影响、恢复动态以及对《2030年可持续发展目标(SDGs)》、《2015-2030年仙台减轻灾害风险框架》等目标实现的影响,总结了全球重大自然灾害应急监测与恢复重建的经验模式,为科学认知全球重大自然灾害影响提供客观依据,为全球重大灾害协同应对、保护生态环境等提供科技支撑。

  • 全球土地退化态势 编制时间:2019年11月(编制单位:中华人民共和国科学技术部国家遥感中心,中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所,中山大学)

    报告基于我国自主生产的植被生产力数据产品分析了2000年以来全球土地退化态势,重点突出了土地退化和改善的区域,并评估了典型区域土地退化和改善的驱动因子,实现了对2000—2018年全球土地退化态势的分析与评估,可为联合国SDG15.3.1“实现土地退化零增长的世界”目标,以及《鄂尔多斯宣言》提出的缔约方履约自愿目标制定和实施,提供及时准确的全球范围内最新土地退化态势监测数据及分析评估结果。

  • 全球森林覆被状况及变化 编制时间:2019年11月(编制单位:中华人民共和国科学技术部国家遥感中心,中国科学院空天信息创新研究院,中山大学,电子科技大学)

    报告围绕森林与可持续发展目标的具体指标,开展了全球森林覆盖现状(2018年)及2000—2018年森林变化的监测和分析,结合全球植被生产力产品(1982—2018年)及全球长时间序列(2000—2018年)火烧迹地产品,研究和分析了全球森林覆盖空间分布及森林生产力现况、2000年以来全球森林覆盖和生产力变化的区域分异规律及其驱动因素、全球林火空间分布特征与变化趋势及其对森林生产力的影响等,可为积极应对全球变化、提升森林可持续管理能力提供重要数据支持。

  • Manual of Digital Earth 编制时间:2019年(编制单位:International Society for Digital Earth)

    In the two decades since the debut of the Digital Earth (DE) vision, a concerted international effort has engaged in nurturing the development of a technology framework and harnessing applications to preserve the planet and sustain human societies. Evolutionary threads can be traced to key historic and multidisciplinary foundations, which were presciently articulated and represented at the first International Symposium on Digital Earth hosted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1999. Pioneering groups in government, industry, and academia have cultivated this fertile futuristic conceptual model with technological incubation and exploratory applications. An array of space-age developments in computers, the internet and communications, Earth observation satellites, and spatially oriented applications sparked an innovative discipline. The Beijing Declaration on Digital Earth is recognized for its role in promulgating the series of International Symposia on Digital Earth to promote understanding of the impacts of DE technology and applications on behalf of humankind. Combinations of industrial, academic, and government organizations have rapidly advanced the technological components necessary for implementing the DE vision. Commercial leaders such as Google have accelerated the influence of DE for large segments of society. Challenges remain regarding requisite collaboration on international standards to optimize and accelerate DE implementation scenarios. This chapter provides an overview of the DE initiative and basic framework, the global response to DE, the evolution of DE, its relationship to key global science initiatives, and the response to global challenges.

  • The Ocean as a Solution to Climate Change 编制时间:2019年9月(编制单位:a Sustainable Ocean Economy)

    The ocean is a dominant feature of our plant, covering 70 percent of its surface and driving its climate and biosphere. The ocean sustains life on earth and yet is in peril from climate change. However, while much of recent attention is focused on the problems that the ocean faces, the ocean is also a source of potential solutions and innovation. This report explores how the ocean, its coastal regions and economic activities can provide opportunities in the fight against climate change.

  • A European Climate Law 编制时间:2019年(编制单位:世界自然基金会)

    Forests are burning, glaciers are melting and the window for stopping catastrophic climate change is closing. To implement the Paris Agreement the new EU climate law should do the following

  • WMO GREENHOUSE GAS BULLETIN 编制时间:2018年11月22日(编制单位:World Meteorological Organization)

    The latest analysis of observations from the WMO GAW Programme shows that globally averaged surface mole fractions(1) calculated from this in situ network for carbon dioxide (CO 2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) reached new highs in 2017, with CO2 at 405.5 ± 0.1 ppm (2), CH 4 at 1859 ± 2 ppb(3) and N 2O at 329.9 ± 0.1 ppb. These values constitute, respectively, 146%, 257% and 122% of preindustrial (before 1750) levels. The increase in CO 2 from 2016 to 2017 was smaller than that observed from 2015 to 2016 and practically equal to the average growth rate over the last decade. The inflence of the El Niño event that peaked in 2015 and 2016 and contributed to the increased growth rate during that period sharply declined in 2017. For CH 4, the increase from 2016 to 2017 was lower than that observed from 2015 to 2016 but practically equal to the average over the last decade. For N 2O, the increase from 2016 to 2017 was higher than that observed from 2015 to 2016 and practically equal to the average growth rate over the past 10 years. The NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index (AGGI) [4] shows that from 1990 to 2017 radiative forcing by long-lived GHGs (LLGHGs) increased by 41%, with CO2 accounting for about 82% of this increase

  • Guidelines for Sustainable Land Transport Indicators on Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in ASEAN 编制时间:2019年2月(编制单位:东盟)

    with the Sustainable Transport (ST) milestone ST-2.3 of the ASEAN Kuala Lumpur Transport Strategic Plan: ‘the development of a monitoring framework and harmonised approach for indicators on energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transport sector.’ It presents indicators as variables meant to accurately represent the sustainability aspects of land transport. Such indicators are critical in informing policy and investment decisions by enabling performance tracking throughout time, and by enabling a better understanding of the underlying factors that impact such performance. These Guidelines provide technical information and practical insights related to the generation of data for the calculation, reporting, and interpretation of such indicators.

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